As we move towards sustainable and viable waste management techniques, more emphasis is given on projects that aim to recover energy from wasted materials. Here are the top 3 that will change the face of energy production in the Sultanate.
1) Waste to Energy to Water Project
The waste-to-energy-to-water plant in Oman is designed to treat around 2,200 tonnes per day of municipal solid waste (MSW) from the Muscat and South Al Batinah catchment area, which otherwise will go into landfills and occupy the space.
The plant will thermally treat the waste to generate steam that will turn a steam turbine to generate electricity.
The generated electricity is used to run a desalination plant that will generate around 75 million cubic meters of potable waste
The conventional fuel used for operating desalination plants in Oman is gas and production of water from thermal treatment of waste will help reduce Oman’s dependence on gas for water production.
2) Mechanical Biological Treatment (MBT) Project
MBT is a residual waste treatment process that involves both mechanical and biological treatment with the aim of reducing the environmental impact of landfilling residual waste. It combines a sorting facility with a form of biological treatment such as composting or anaerobic digestion. It stabilises and separates waste which is not suited for recycling, extracts recyclable material and produces a Refuse Driven Fuel, which is used for industrial applications.
3) Biogas Project
The Biogas Project aims to produce biogas (which comprises gases such as methane), a renewable energy source produced from raw materials such as agricultural waste, municipal waste, plant material, sewage, green waste or food waste.
It is used as a fuel for any heating purpose, such as cooking. It can also be used in a gas engine to convert the energy in the gas into electricity and heat.