Oman’s population is getting younger and people are living longer, according to a new report released this week. With almost half of the country now aged between 15 to 34 – 47 per cent in total – we are becoming a nation with youth on our side. Another 22 per cent of the population is aged below 15, the National Centre for Statistics and Information (NCSI) revealed. The 35 to 64 age group made up 28 per cent, while just 3 per cent of those living in Oman are above 65 years.
These figures are based on Oman’s population as of June this year, which was 3.99 million. This has since tipped over the four million mark. In addition to these findings, the report also states that our young are becoming better educated than ever before, with a larger number of boys and girls going to school thanks to government initiatives and the building of new schools.
As a result, Oman has made great strides in reducing the illiteracy rate. In 1993, 31 per cent of children in Oman were classed as illiterate. In 2010 this had fallen to just 13 per cent. With more girls being educated, the role of women in the workplace has also changed over the years. In 2010, females made up 27 per cent of the workforce in comparison to just 9 per cent in 1993.
Life expectancy has also shot up dramatically in the Sultanate, with people living more than 10 years longer than before. The average life expectancy in 1990 was 65.5, but in 2013, that had risen to 76.5. The overall death rate dropped to 2.9 deaths per 1,000 people in 2013, down from 7.6 in 1990.
The report found that infant mortality rates have also fallen. In 2013, there were 9.8 deaths per 1,000 compared with 20 per 1,000 in 1995.